What is baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin)?

Baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin) is a perennial herb and a multipurpose wild vegetable.

Baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin), scientific name: thistle, Latin name: Cirsium setosum.

It is a perennial herb and a multipurpose wild vegetable.

Baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin) is a mesophyte, and the underground part is often larger than the aboveground part, with long rhizomes.

It has strong adaptability.

It can grow in any climate.

We often see it in wasteland, cultivated land, villages, roadsides and other places.

The following is a detailed introduction of baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin).

What is baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin)

1. Morphological characteristics

Baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin) is a perennial herb with creeping rhizomes.

Its basal leaves and middle stems and leaves are oval, long oval or oval oblanceolate, while the top is blunt or round, and the base is wedge-shaped.

Sometimes it has a very short petiole, but usually it has no petiole.

The upper stems and leaves are gradually smaller, oval or lanceolate or linear lanceolate, or all stems and leaves do not divide.

Its leaf margin has fine acupuncture, and the acupuncture is close to the leaf margin.

Or there are barbed teeth on the leaf margin, and the needle on the top of the tooth varies in size.

Or most of the stems and leaves are pinnately lobed or half lobed, or the edge is thick and round serrated, the lobes or serrations are oblique triangular, and the top is blunt.

There are long needles at the top of the tooth and the top of the lobe, and the needles at the edge of the tooth and the edge of the lobe are short and close to each other.

The capitulum is solitary at the stem end, and the florets are purplish red or white.

The plant contains a few or most heads, which are arranged into corymbs at the top of stems and branches.

The involucre is ovate, long ovate or ovoid, and the diameter is 1.5-2 cm.

Involucral bracts are about 6 layers, arranged in tile shape, and gradually grow to the inner layer.

Its outer layer and middle layer are 1.5-2mm wide and include the top needle, which is 5-8mm long.

Its inner layer and innermost layer are oval to linear, 1.1-2 cm long and 1-1.8 mm wide.

The top of the outer bract has a short needle thorn less than 0.5 mm long.

The inner layer and the innermost layer are gradually pointed, membranous, and have short needles.

The crown hair is dirty white, multi-layered, and will fall off as a whole.

Crested seta long feathery, 3.5 cm long, and tapering at the top.

Its flowering and fruiting period is from May to September.

2. growth habit and distribution

Baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin) is a mesophyte.

It has strong adaptability and can grow under any climatic conditions.

It is commonly found in abandoned land, cultivated land, roadsides and near villages, and it is a common weed.

Baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin) is almost all over the country.

It is mainly distributed in plains, hills and mountains.

It is widely distributed in eastern and central Europe, Eastern and western Siberia of the Soviet Union and the Far East, Mongolia, North Korea and Japan.

3. Breeding methods

Baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin) propagates with seeds.

From June to July, when the flower buds wither, we collect seeds, dry them in the sun and set them aside.

We sow in February March of early spring.

We mix the seeds with plant ash, then sow them into the hole, cover them with soil, and water them to cover the seeds.

We should always keep the soil moist until the seedlings emerge, and then we can transplant them.

4. Edible value

In their infancy, sheep and pigs like to eat, while cattle and horses eat less.

The plant remains green after autumn and can still be used to feed pigs.

Baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin) sometimes has hard spines, and the stem is rough and hard after lignification.

Its utilization period is from May to July.

In the early stage, it is used for grazing, or taken back with roots, removed the soil, and chopped to feed pigs or silage,

For the plants before and after flowering, we cut them and dry them in the sun, which can be used for milling and feeding pigs in winter and spring.

In addition, this species is a nectar source plant in autumn.

The whole herb or rhizome with flowers are medicinal materials.

The tender seedlings of baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin) are wild vegetables, so we can use them to fry and make soup.

5. Medicinal value

Its root and stem can be used, and the root is especially good.

We can dissect the fresh ones, mash them, and take their natural juice and boiled water to take them.

If you can’t fry it for a long time, you should keep it fresh. You can take the soup and drink it after frying it for four or five times.

In addition, the insects in its stem form pimples, which are shaped like jujubes, and its ability to cool blood is especially better.

If you take more than ten fresh ones, mash them and take them with boiling water, it will be especially effective for those who are hot for vomiting and bleeding.

When used, it is appropriate to take the tender and white farmland.

Summary:

Through the above introduction, I believe you have a further understanding of baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin).

In fact, it’s not just baby mustard kohlrabi (Brassica juncea var. Gemmifera Lee et Lin). In fact, most wild vegetables have many unexpected functions.

So don’t underestimate those seemingly insignificant weeds in the future.

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