We can use the three grafting methods of inserting, leaning and splitting to maximize the survival rate of plants.
The insertion method is to remove the growth point of rootstock with a bamboo stick, cut the scion, and then pull out the bamboo stick and insert it into the rootstock.
The abutting method needs to cut a knife on the rootstock and scion respectively, and immediately match the two.
The splitting method is to split the stem of the rootstock from it and insert it into the scion.
We need to cut different wedge surfaces according to different grafting methods.
What is the grafting method with the highest survival rate of plants?
1. Plug in method
We first use bamboo sticks to pick the growth point of rootstocks.
Then we puncture the socket from the midvein at the base of one cotyledon to the hypocotyl below the other cotyledon.
At the same time, we put the rootstock on the console.
Then we pick up the scion seedlings and cut the scions.
Then we pulled out the bamboo stick on the rootstock and inserted the scion immediately.
And we should insert it as deep as possible, so as to promote healing and improve the survival rate.
2. Close connection method
We also call it tongue connection.
We need to cut a knife obliquely on the rootstock and scion, with opposite cutting edges and similar sizes.
Then we fit the incision.
In addition, the whole process must be operated quickly.
We need to match the rootstock and scion immediately after cutting.
At the same time, we should firmly clamp it with the grafting clamp, and then plant the grafted seedlings in the nutrition bowl.
3. Splitting method
We can split the stem above the rootstock first.
Then we cut the upper part of the scion into a wedge and insert it into the cut of the rootstock.
When adopting this grafting method, we should choose rootstocks with older seedlings
We can plant stock seedlings first.
When the rootstock seedlings can be transplanted, we will sow sprouting and scion.
We can plant rootstock seedlings and sprouting scions in the same nutrient bowl.
What are the requirements of grafting wedge and scion surface?
We mainly have triple cutting methods, namely single-sided wedge, double-sided wedge and tongue wedge.
Single wedge is suitable for miter cutting and budding.
Double sided wedge is more suitable for split connection and top insertion method.
We can cut the young stem into double wedge surfaces from top to bottom.
Tongue wedge is mainly used for close connection.
We need to cut the stem obliquely with a blade from a certain position in the stem of the seedling.